The Center for Technology and Organization of Pipeline Construction includes 3 laboratories:
- Laboratory of technical means for the construction and repair of pipelines and tanks;
- Laboratory for pipeline and tank repair technology;
- Laboratory of technology for the construction of crossings over obstacles.
The Center for Technology and Organization of Pipeline Construction of JSP "R&DIPC" is the assignee of the Laboratory of Technology and Organization of Pipeline Construction and the Laboratory of Underwater (Sea and River) Pipelines of the All-Union Pipeline Construction Research Institute, established in 1948.
Over the years of its existence, the teams of laboratories have developed the main federal and industry regulatory documents:
- state standards, DIN, API
- Instructions for the design, construction and calculation of trunk and field pipelines, including large diameter
- Instructions for the production of construction works,
- Instructions on the technology for the construction of crossings over large and small water barriers by traditional and trenchless methods,
- Instructions on the technology for year-round construction of underwater pipelines of increased reliability in difficult climatic conditions in the presence of permafrost soils and erosion processes, for accounting for channel deformations,
- Instructions for engineering surveys and target selection.
Almost all regulatory documents on the design and construction of trunk pipelines are currently updated.
For the first time in world practice, long before the advent of the DNV (Det Norske Veritas) standards, standards were developed for the technology of laying offshore pipelines and a method for calculating their resistance to external influences, including while laying to great depths, that found immediately application in the construction of a gas pipeline through the Caspian Sea and marine wastewater outlets of the cities of Tallinn and Yalta at a depth of up to 100 m.
Later were established state standards, company regulation standards, technical solutions for projects of an offshore gas pipeline system through the Baydaratskaya Bay, the Shtokman gas condensate field - Teriberka, the Astokhskoye oil pipeline on the Sakhalin shelf, the Sakhalin-2 project, gas pipelines on the Black Sea at sea depths up to 2150 m, an oil pipeline were developed CPC transport system marine terminal.
For the first time, the Center’s employees developed the design and construction technology of “pipe in pipe” pipelines for the transport of toxic products (liquid ammonia, leaded gasoline and others), which was quickly used at 33 underwater crossings along the Togliatti – Odessa ammonia pipeline, condensate pipelines and product pipelines.
Comprehensive theoretical, laboratory and experimental studies were carried out to develop a new technology for drilling and blasting in rocky areas using environmental protection measures and the calculation of explosions, the environmental protection of reservoirs during the construction of crossings in the North and other regions, which were immediately introduced on the rivers Vyatka, Chusovaya, Oka and the Dnieper.
The technical requirements and technical specifications for the design of equipment and technical means for the mechanization of the most labor-consuming underwater excavation and laying works — traction winches, reinforced concrete weighting materials, unloading pontoons, scraper installation, launching track, trench dredger of class “0”, and a floating chamber for joining and welding of underwater pipelines, mechanisms for cutting and removing frozen soil and ice; for offshore pipelines — a pipe-laying vessel for sea depths of 50-150 m, an offshore scandal vessel, a crane vessel with a carrying capacity of 350 tons, a pipe vessel with a carrying capacity of 5000 tons, a tanker tanker with a carrying capacity of 3000 tons, a survey and diving vessel, and a repair vessel.
Over the past decade, the Center has again developed or updated the regulatory framework for the design and construction of underwater crossings of oil pipelines using directional drilling, tunneling, using ballasting devices and lining materials, the construction of crossings over natural and artificial barriers, the regulation of passports, the technical solutions for the construction of the East Siberia-Pacific Ocean oil pipeline, including methods for constructing an underwater crossing across the river. Amur, offshore pipelines at the Kozmino offshore transshipment complex, on the construction of offshore pipelines along the Kharyaga-Indiga route, as well as high-pressure field gas pipelines, including for the transportation of aggressive media at the Kharyaginskoye field, for the design of field pipelines at the Bovanenkovskoye oil and gas condensate field and for the justification of laying underwater crossings of the Baltic Pipeline System (BPS-2) project.
Particular attention was paid to the development of special technical solutions and technological maps for the design, construction and operation of pipelines in difficult climatic conditions, including seismically hazardous areas. In total, 23 STUs were developed.
In recent years, the Center has been actively working on the introduction of pipes from new materials. Thus, the joint venture “Field pipelines made of polymer composites”, the Design Rules and the joint venture “Field pipelines made of fiberglass pipes”, the Rules for design, construction and operation, which are now under approval, were developed.
The main customers of the Center’s regulatory and technical documentation are Transneft, Gazprom, Lukoil, Rosneft, Tatneft, Sakhalin Energy, the Caspian Pipeline Consortium and other large oil and gas companies.